Monday, March 27, 2017

Removing Chemicals from Water

Go beyond yourself rather than beyond others.

Your subterfuge fails to differentiate between the two types of fluoride, sir. Naturally occurring fluoride (calcium fluoride) is of a different chemical consistency than the fluoride which is the industrial waste byproduct of aluminum manufacturing (sodium fluoride). You are either uninformed or disingenuous, ....

Removing Chemicals from Water

Three of the most simple methods of doing so are by Reverse Osmosis, Distillation and Activated Alumina Defluoridation. The first two methods are excellent for water purification in general though one must add supplements to distilled water, due to it’s lack of minerals it is potentially unsafe to drink in large quantities. A fourth manner is by use of Bone Char Carbon which is 90% effective, this method is best used in tandem with other purification techniques. Before we get into the detailed specifics of each individual method, here are two short articles on this very same subject.

“Here is a list of ways to obtain drinking water without fluoride. In addition, I’ve listed water purification methods which do not remove fluoride from water.”

“To top it all off, fluoride is difficult to remove from water. Most water filter sales literature avoids the subject. When buying a water filter, you may be comforted by reading that the system you are purchasing removes 95 to 99% of contaminants, but if it does not specifically state that it removes fluoride, you can bet it doesn’t. Fluoride is a very small ion (atomic number 9). It cannot be “filtered” out of water.”
Dancing With Water

Reverse Osmosis

“Reverse osmosis is now used in medicine and industry as a means of purifying or separating water and other solvents from other components. In recent years, it has been used increasingly for making pure water for dialysis in hospitals and for producing Water for Injection.”
Reverse Osmosis: A Scientific Explanation

Create your own reverse osmosis systems.

Water Distillation

“Distillation is a process that relies on evaporation to purify water. Contaminated water is heated to form steam. Inorganic compounds and large non-volatile organic molecules do not evaporate with the water and are left behind. The steam then cools and condenses to form purified water.

Distillation is most effective in removing inorganic compounds such as metals (iron and lead) and nitrate; hardness (calcium and magnesium); and particulates from a contaminated water supply. The boiling process also kills microorganisms such as bacteria and some viruses. The effectiveness of distillation in removing organic compounds varies, depending on such chemical characteristics of the organic compound as solubility and boiling point. Organic compounds that boil at temperatures greater than the boiling point of water (some pesticides) can be effectively removed from the water. Organic compounds that boil at temperatures lower than the boiling point of water (ex., benzene and toluene) will be vaporized along with the water. If these harmful compounds are not removed prior to condensation, they will recontaminate the purified product.”
Michigan State University

Can You Drink Distilled Water?
Anne Marie Helmenstine, Ph.D.

Some very simple manners of distilling water
DIY Water Distillation

Distilling water at home with step by step pictures

Bone Char Carbon

“Bone char is a granular material produced by charring animal bones: the bones are heated to high temperatures (in the range of 400 to 500 °C) in an oxygen-depleted atmosphere to control the quality of the product as related to its adsorption capacity for applications such as defluoridation of water and removal of heavy metals from aqueous solutions.”
Reade SuperSite

Due to the nature of decomposing organic matter, the difficulty in acquiring so many bones and the intense heat required to create this product, we would much rather recommend purchasing this material than trying to make it yourself.

Bone Char Charcoal

Activated Alumina

Activated Alumina: The Superior Solution for Environmental Cleanup, Pharmaceutical Purification and Clean Energy Applications

“Activated alumina is an inorganic substance produced by the dehydration of alumina hydroxide at high
temperature. The material is highly porous and exhibits tremendous surface area, resulting in superior
adsorbent capabilities. It is resistant to thermal shock and abrasion and does not shrink, swell, soften or disintegrate when immersed in water.

Alumina possesses amphoteric properties allowing it to act as either an acid or a base. The ability to alter its pore or particle size provides it with a spectrum of unique biological and physical properties that can address specific desiccant and/or separating needs for the life and environmental sciences.”
PDF from Dynamic Adsorbents

This link is an example of buying Activated Alumina canister filters. Though this may seem like a hefty price to pay for a water filter this is the source website to a very large manufacturer, meaning this is actually pretty cheap.
AFW Filters

An example of buying Activated Alumina without canisters in bulk.
Delta Adsorbents

The Fluoride Studies

“The EPA has established a Maximum Contaminant Level Goal (MCLG) for fluoride in public drinking water systems. MCLGs are nonenforceable health standards for drinking water. MCLGs are set at a level at which no adverse health effects would be expected to result from the consumption of two liters (0.53 gallons) of contaminated water per day by a 70 kg (154 lb) adult. The MCLG for fluoride is 4 ppm. To protect children against dental fluorosis, the SMCL of 2 ppm was established. Secondary MCLs are only guidelines for protection of the public welfare and are not enforceable.”
New Hampshire Department of Environmental Services

Indeed it does appear as if limits which American government organizations have placed on fluoridation of water supplies does indeed ensure that fluoride is not dangerous to human health. Normally this would be sound reason to no longer be alarmed, unfortunately studies on fluoride and human health did not account for variables which would interfere with them.

NTEU Chapter 280

“Dental fluorosis is caused by taking in too much fluoride over a long period when the teeth are forming under the gums. Only children aged 8 years and younger are at risk because this is when permanent teeth are developing under the gums. The severity of the condition depends on the dose (how much), duration (how long), and timing (when consumed) of fluoride intake.

Increases in the occurrence of mostly mild dental fluorosis were recognized as more sources of fluoride became available to prevent tooth decay. These sources include drinking water with fluoride, fluoride toothpaste—especially if swallowed by young children—and dietary prescription supplements in tablets or drops (particularly if prescribed to children already drinking fluoridated water).

What are the common sources of fluoride?

– Toothpaste (if swallowed by young children).
– Drinking water in fluoridated communities.
– Beverages and food processed with fluoridated water.
– Dietary prescription supplements that include fluoride (e.g., tablets or drops).
– Other professional dental products (e.g., mouth rinses, gels, and foams).”
Center For Disease Control


“Children aged 12-15 in 1999-2004 had higher prevalence of dental fluorosis compared with the same aged children in 1986-1987.”
CDC Fluorosis Data

“Fluoride & Tooth Decay: The Facts”

(brief summary of article)
Fact 1: Fluoride’s Primary Effect is Topical, Not Systemic
Fact 2: There Is No Difference in Tooth Decay Between Fluoridated and Non-Fluoridated Countries
Fact 3: Fluoridation’s “Benefits” Have Never Been proved by a “Randomized Controlled Trial”
Fact 4: Modern Studies show fluoridated water does not reduce the number of decayed, Missing or Filled teeth
Fact 5: Fluoridated water has a trivial effect on the number of decayed tooth surfaces
Fact 6: Fluoridated Water Does Not Prevent Oral Health Crises in Low Income Communities
Fact 7: Tooth decay does not go up when fluoridation is stopped
Fact 8: Fluoridation is much more likely to cause dental fluorosis than reduce decay

“As of May 16, 2013, there are 37 studies associating fluoride exposure with reduced IQ in children.

In July (2012), a team of Harvard and Chinese scientists published a study that warned of fluoride’s potential to reduce human intelligence. The researchers issued their warning after reviewing dozens of studies from the past two decades that have linked elevated fluoride exposure to reduced IQ in children. Although the National Research Council issued a similar warning in 2006, advocates of fluoridation continue to push ahead with plans to fluoridate yet more water supplies in what is already the most fluoridated nation on Earth: the United States.”
Peer Reviewed Studies of Affect on IQ

“According to the National Toxicology Program (NTP), “the preponderance of evidence” from laboratory studies indicates that fluoride is a mutagen (a compound that can cause genetic damage). A chemical that can cause genetic damage is one that can likely cause, or contribute to, the development of cancer.”
Flouride and Cancer

“Fluoride Was Once Prescribed as an Anti-Thyroid Drug

When people think of fluoride being prescribed for medicinal purposes, they generally think of fluoride supplementation to reduce tooth decay. Fluoride, however, has also been prescribed as a drug to reduce the activity of the thyroid gland. Up through the 1950s, doctors in Europe and South America prescribed fluoride to reduce thyroid function in patients with over-active thyroids (hyperthyroidism). (Merck Index 1968). Doctors selected fluoride as a thyroid suppressant based on findings linking fluoride to goitre, and, as predicted, fluoride therapy did reduce thyroid activity in the treated patients. (McClaren 1969; Galletti 1958; May 1937). Moreover, according to clinical research, the fluoride dose capable of reducing thyroid function was notably low – just 2 to 5 mg per day over several months. (Galletti & Joyet 1958). This dose is well within the range (1.6 to 6.6 mg/day) of what individuals living in fluoridated communities are now estimated to receive on a regular basis. (DHHS 1991).”
Flouride and Hyperthyroidism

Why Fluoridate Water?

“Water fluoridation has been described by the Centre for Disease Control as one of the ten most important public health advances of the 20th Century1. In this brief paper, I will describe the history of water fluoridation and discuss the value of this policy in the early years of the 21st Century.”
History of Water Fluoridation

The History of Fluorine, Fluoride and Fluoridation

The more commonly spoken of history behind water fluoridation talks of a journey to Colorado Springs and the doctors who studied the strange effects of naturally occurring fluorinated water on teeth. What people tend to forget speaking about is the fact that flouride is naturally occurring in soil and rocks all over Earth, in some areas more than others. In modern day society what does humanity do when finding an abundant resource that it has no idea to do with? To question even further, when already mining for all sorts of different minerals what does society do with this toxic flouride waste that is left over?

A few organizations and companies had come up with the perfect answer to these questions. The early 20th century had plenty of mining operations, combine this with the fact that medical professionals were researching the effects of fluoride on oral health and the birth of another industry arises. Why not put all of this toxic waste in the water supply, while we’re at it what else can we do with it?


“Fluoride is in the phosphate mineral “fluorapatite” that is mined in Florida. Fluoride in small doses, like in the fluoride in our toothpaste, is beneficial to our health and can strengthen our bones and teeth. In large doses, however, it can cause tooth mottling and even deterioration of bones (fluorosis). Phosphate companies historically have had scrubbers in the stacks of their chemical processing plants, but in the 1960s cases of citrus damage and fluorosis in area cattle caused regulators to tighten the restrictions on fluoride emissions. Since that time phosphate companies have improved their scrubbing techniques and today fluoride emissions are not considered to be a problem. It is scrubbed from the stack and is either recovered to make fluosilic acid, which can be sold for uses such as water fluoridation, or is sent to the cooling pond.”
Florida Industrial and Phosphate Research Institute

“Cities all over the US purchase hundreds of thousands of gallons of fresh pollution concentrate from Florida – fluorosilicic acid (H2SiF6) – to fluoridate water.

Fluorosilicic acid is composed of tetrafluorosiliciate gas and other species of fluorine gases captured in pollution scrubbers and concentrated into a 23% solution during wet process phosphate fertilizer manufacture. Generally, the acid is stored in outdoor cooling ponds before being shipped to US cities to artificially fluoridate drinking water.

Fluoridating drinking water with recovered pollution is a cost-effective means of disposing of toxic waste. The fluorosilicic acid would otherwise be classified as a hazardous toxic waste on the Superfund Priorities List of toxic substances that pose the most significant risk to human health and the greatest potential liability for manufacturers.

Phosphate fertilizer suppliers have more than $10 billion invested in production and mining facilities in Florida. Phosphate fertilizer production accounts for $800 million in wages per year. Florida’s mines produce 30% of the world supply and 75% of the US supply of phosphate fertilizers. Much of the country’s supply of fluoro-silicic acid for water fluoridation is also produced in Florida.”
Fluoride and The Phosphate Connection

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